One of the aims of
this website is to develop
is --as an intuitive methodology-- of all times, used by scientists, artists
and all kinds of creative thinkers, it was used pre-consciously by Pierre
Teilhard de Chardin (1881-1955) and Alfred
North Whitehead (1861-1949), and could be used in the paper and print
era, the arrival of Internet definitely opened an easy and effective way to bring contrasting visions
together and to integrate them. Internet is not only a communication tool,
but thanks to the internet experience a new form of consciousness emerges
in even more people, who realize the paramount importance of integration,
and start using this attitude in their lives, not only intellectually,
but progressively also in their private and professional life.
Inductive of Integrative
Logics is a set of rules than can be used to enable and enhance the process
of integration, which necessitates one or more creative steps of induction.
Apparently incongruous hypotheses or descriptions of a system are considered
rather complementary than mutually exclusive. But the combination of these
supposedly complementary contributions proves often difficult, because
their wording probably is too excessive/concrete for their essential core.
A new hypothesis or description has to be formulated. This is a creative,
nowadays still intuitive thought process. If the previously incongruous
contributions can be replaced by one new formulation, and each previous
contribution can be deducted from it, this new formulation is considered
as really integrative, and more plausible than each contribution on itself.
doesn't yet describe this process as an operational paradigm, but enhances
the probability that such a process will intuitively occur.
This is a new kind
of logics, different from the traditional Logic. Where the latter is deductive
(from premisses to conclusions), integrative logic is inductive, because
it is a tool to develop, directly and indirectly, new hypotheses. In the
past each kind of induction (also in experimental, exact science) was intuitive.
In fact, the only thing exact science added to human knowledge from Renaissance
on, was a controlling tool: hypothese were examined by comparing their
predictions with real experiments or measurements, and hence refuted or
confirmed. But there was no useful intellectual tool to develop a hypothesis:
this creative process remained up to now within the domain of the subconscious,
although many philosophers and scientists up to now searched during centuries
for an inductive logic.
of Inductive Logics
Along with defining
rules for pratical website integration, it is likely that this experience
leads to the discovery (or the explicit formulation ) of the intuitively
felt "laws" of creative, integrative thinking. These rules or laws try to describe the intellectual process of integration, and its intellectual
attitudes linked to it.
Some Basic Principles
1. Each contribution,
how ever divergent or even paradoxal, has its value, and should inspire
to a more elaborate integration of the topic. Although there are some reasons
for exceptionally discarding some contributions (see below), the reason
"that the other didn't understand the least of it" is statistically so
improbable, that it better never should be used.
2. Divergent or conflicting
contributions should inspire to a reformulation, either of the former
hypothesis or of the new contribution, or --most likely-- of both.
3. The first, still
partially unconscious, step in the formulation of a new hypothesis (or
in the reformulation of an existent) is the elaboration of a more extended
bringing things together and ordering them along an intuitively perceived
4. If a list of loose
elements contains more than 3 or 4 items, a schematizing structure
(frame) is likely to emerge, and should consciously be searched for. Longer
lists should be avoided. This new elaborated scheme probably will show
some gaps, inspiring our creativity.
Causes of apparent
5. Most incongruencies between contributions are provoked by improper formulation: concepts often
are over-generalized and proposals often are over-concretized.
6. Over-generalization occurs by a lack of contrasting experience. As no "exception" for the observation
is available, the factor which is sensible for a possible variation is
not observable, and in this vacuum an over-generalization of the hypotyhesis
easily occurs. Should Newton --like Einstein-- have observed very little
or very fast moving objects, he should never have proposed his simple mechanical
equations. Differentiation of observation, and contrasting experience,
is perhaps the most valuable factor in creativity.
7. Likewise, over-concretization occurs by lack of inspiration, or lack of contrasting experience. The person
honestly thinks his needs or intentions can only be realized by this precise
8. An integration
is not always within the same level: not all contributions apply to the
levels of abstraction. But rather than to discard them, they should
inspire for adding new levels to the scheme.
9. If an integration
takes all presented elements into account, more concrete statements could
be deduced form the integrative hypothesis by reduction, i.e. eliminating
some elements that are not applicable in a certain situation. In fact,
the possibility to infer all "partial" hypotheses from the integration
is the best available argument for its plausibility.
10. Although within
a communicating group "democratic" rules can't be used to confirm
or to refute the plausibity of a potential integration (on the contrary:
new and creative ideas always start as a feature of a minority), the feeling or rather the intuitionof the group members, especially of the author
of the contribution, is a good
unconscious indication for the plausibility
of the integrative hypothesis. As long as a hypothesis is not sustained
by unconscious agreement, probably some aspects are neglected. This explains
why each integration probably will be transcended one day, as, by new experience
or contrasting inspiration, more intuitions become conscious. The technique
of integration doesn't consider the temporary presence of more than one
proposed integration as an unacceptable fact.
11. It is a psychological/intellectual
rule, stating that every kind of thinking-in-depth not just reveals aspects
of the problem one tries to tackle, but also one or several underlying
levels of human and intellectual functioning, including psychological
resistance, problem solving methods, methods of creative thinking, etc.
12. One of the tasks
of Integrative Logics is to establish a list of all possible logical
structures or frames (I presume that they are not so numerous)
to be used in articles. Authors (and integrating software) could then work
along these structures.
13. There is the
logical phenomenon of lateral inspiration: by elaborating one aspect
of the topic, e.g. practical conclusions about waye to influence a process,
one becomes aware of the different aspects that are active within the studied
A tentative list
of the fundamental logical structures or frames which can logically
organize an integrative site. The frames probably can be discovered by
observing how people unconsciously and spontaneously organize their texts.
When a certain number of frames is recognized, one can try to integrate
them. Most probably there are only one or a few fundamental frames, whereof
many concrete frames are reduced.
In these logical
frames some topics are sometimes so obvious, they can be skipped.
- The Descriptive
After a definition
and simple description of the studied topic one wants to change of influence.
Then a list is presented of factors which influence the studied phenomenon.
Finally a list is presented of actions that can be undertaken to influence
Introduction - The Strategic Frame
place of the notion
development of the notion
misunderstandings / Synonyms
The process / The
Applications / Consequences
of the purpose of the action * Each Evaluation yields
inspiring elements to elaborate the related Integrative Description(s).
and their prospective(s)
List of factors
that provoke/explain those divergencies
factor by factor
preliminary actions to be taken to enable thje former actions
risks by taking measures, and countering actions
Time table of things
to do, personal instruction list
Time and Agenda
of the next evaluation
* An Evaluation can
be incomplete, and end, at every level, with some questions to reflect
on before the next meeting/report